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Coastal and Marine Management Group

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Coastal & Marine Management Group

The Leibniz-Institute for Baltic Sea Research is dedicated to interdisciplinary research with focus on the Baltic Sea ecosystem, as defined in its Research Programme 2013-2023. This programme includes Research Focus 4 ‘Coastal seas and society’ as a core activity. The Coastal and Marine Management Group belongs to the Unit Coastal Sea – Management & Planning.It implements Focus 4 ‘Coastal seas and society’ by carrying out applied, interdisciplinary coastal and marine research on a) human activities, interventions and measures in coastal and marine systems, b) the implementation of marine and coastal policy and c) impacts of as well as response and adaptation to regional changes.

Major topics are:

Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) – Further development of a Systems Approach Framework (SAF) and supporting tools, for example to improve stakeholder participation or to measure the success of management measures using an indicator system. Aim is to support a sustainable coastal management and planning.

Ecosystem Services – Development and application of methods and tools to assess changes in ecosystem goods and service provision of coastal and marine systems.

Eco-technologies – Assessment and implementation of measures that improve the ecological status of coastal waters and support environmental policies, like the Water Framework Directive (WFD). Example is the cultivation of different mussel species to improve water quality. 

Marine Litter – Development of monitoring methods and strategies as well as indicators and pollution thresholds. Further, assessment of the state of pollution, spatial transport pattern and the effectiveness of measures with the aim to support the implementation of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD).

Bathing Water Quality – Analysis and assessment of bathing water quality, potential pollutants and human pathogens, like vibrions.

The German association EUCC – The Coastal Union is a major co-operation partner and helps to bridge the gap between coastal science and practice. A close co-operation exists with the Marine Research Institute of Klaipėda University.


Gerald Schernewski
Head, Coastal and marine applied research and management
Anna-Lucia Buer
Microbial & bathing water quality; mussel cultivation
Marine Litter
Marine Litter
René Friedland
Ecosystem modeling
Bathing water quality
Marine Litter
Anne Hiller
Geoinformation systems
Ecosystem services
Sustainability indicators
Mussel cultivation
Voluntary Ecological Year, Marine Litter
Envrionmental Economics
Marine Litter
Mussel cultivation
Ecosystem services, Marine Litter
Sustainability indicators, participation & stakeholder involvement




  • 2019
    • Friedland, R., A.-L. Buer, S. Dahlke and G. Schernewski (2019). Spatial effects of different zebra mussel farming strategies in an eutrophic Baltic lagoon. Front. Environ. Sci. 6: 158, doi: 10.3389/fenvs.2018.00158 –open access–
    • Friedland, R., G. Schernewski, U. Gräwe, I. Greipsland and M. Pastuszak (2019). Managing eutrophication in the Szczecin (Oder) Lagoon - development, present state and future perspectives. Front. Mar. Sci. 5: 521, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2018.00521 –open access–
    • Inacio, M., G. Schernewski, D. A. Pliatsika, J. Benz and R. Friedland (2019). Assessing changes in ecosystem services provision in coastal waters. Sustainability 11: 2632, doi: 10.3390/su11092632 –open access–
    • Karnauskaitė, D., Schernewski, G., Støttrup, J. G., Kataržytė, M. (2019). Indicator-Based Sustainability Assessment Tool to Support Coastal and Marine Management . Sustainability 11: 3175, doi:10.3390/su11113175
    • Karstens, S., M. Inácio, G. Schernewski (2019). Expert-Based Evaluation of Ecosystem Service Provision in Coastal Reed Wetlands Under Different Management Regimes. Frontiers in Environmental Sciences 7, 63: 1-16,
    • Schernewski, G., P. Paysen, E. Robbe, M. Inácio and J. Schumacher (2019). Ecosystem service assessments in water policy implementation: An analysis in urban and rural estuaries. Front. Mar. Sci. 6: 163, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00183 –open access–
    • Stottrup, J.G, G.E. Dinesen, J. Schumacher, C. Gillgren, M. Inácio, G. Schernewski (2019). The Systems Approach Framework for collaborative, science-based management of complex systems. J. coast. conserv. in press: 1-18,
  • 2018
    • Beisiegel, K., A. Darr, M. L. Zettler, R. Friedland, U. Gräwe and M. Gogina (2018). Understanding the spatial distribution of subtidal reef assemblages in the southern Baltic Sea using towed camera platform imagery. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 207: 82-92, doi: 10.1016/j.ecss.2018.04.006
    • Beusekom, J. v., R. Thiel, I. Bobsien, M. Boersma, C. Buschbaum, A. Dänhardt, A. Darr, R. Friedland, M. Kloppmann, I. Kröncke, J. Rick and M. Wetzel (2018). Aquatische Ökosysteme: Nordsee, Wattenmeer, Elbeästuar und Ostsee. In: Hamburger Klimabericht - Wissen über Klima, Klimawandel und Auswirkungen in Hamburg und Norddeutschland. Ed. by H. v. Storch, I. Meinke and M. Claußen. Berlin: Springer: 89-107, doi: 10.1007/978-3-662-55379-4 –open access–
    • Buer, A.-L., G. Gyraite, P. Wegener, X. Lange, M. Katarzyte, G. Hauk and G. Schernewski (2018). Long term development of Bathing Water Quality at the German Baltic coast: spatial patterns, problems and model simulations. Mar. Poll. Bull. 135: 1055-1066, doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.08.048
    • Gillgren, C., Støttrup, J. G., Schumacher, J., Dinesen, G. E. (2018). Working together: collaborative decision making for sustainable Integrated Coastal Management (ICM). J. coast. conserv. : 1-10,
    • Haseler, M., G. Schernewski, A. Balciunas and V. Sabaliauskaite (2018). Monitoring methods for large micro- and meso-litter and applications at Baltic beaches. J. Coast. Conserv. 22: 27-50, doi: 10.1007/s11852-017-0497-5
    • Inácio, M., G. Schernewski, Y. Nazemtseva, E. Baltranaitė, R. Friedland and J. Benz (2018). Ecosystem services provision today and in the past: a comparative study in two Baltic lagoons. Ecol. Res. 33: 1255-1274, doi: 10.1007/s11284-018-1643-8 –open access–
    • Karnauskaitė, D., G. Schernewski, J. Schumacher, R. Grunert and R. Povilanskas (2018). Assessing coastal management case studies around Europe using an indicator based tool. J. Coast. Conserv. 22: 549-570, doi: 10.1007/s11852-018-0597-x –open access–
    • Newton, A., A. C. Brito, J. D. Icely, V. Derolez, I. Clara, S. Angus, G. Schernewski, M. Inácio, A. I. Lillebø, A. I. Sousa, B. Béjaoui, C. Solidoro, M. Tosic, M. Cañedo-Argüelles, M. Yamamuro, S. Reizopoulou, H.-C. Tseng, D. Canu, L. Roselli, M. Maanan, S. Cristina, A. C. Ruiz-Fernández, R. F. d. Lima, B. Kjerfve, N. Rubio-Cisneros, A. Pérez-Ruzafa, C. Marcos, R. Pastres, F. Pranovi, M. Snoussi, J. Turpie, Y. Tuchkovenko, B. Dyack, J. Brookes, R. Povilanskas and V. Khokhlov (2018). Assessing, quantifying and valuing the ecosystem services of coastal lagoons. J. Nat. Conserv. 44: 50-65, doi: 10.1016/j.jnc.2018.02.009 –open access–
    • Robbe, E., G. Schernewski and M. Inácio (2018). Assessment of Coastal and Marine Ecosystem Services and its importance within Environmental Policy Implementation. In: Marine Ecosystem Services. Ed. by L. Berger. Bonn: Bundesamt für Naturschutz (BfN-Skripten 521), 978-3-89624-258-7, doi: 10.19217/skr521
    • Schernewski, G., A. Balciunas, D. Gräwe, U. Gräwe, K. Klesse, M. Schulz, S. Wesnigk, D. Fleet, M. Haseler, N. Möllman and S. Werner (2018). Beach macro-litter monitoring on southern Baltic beaches: results, experiences and recommendations. J. Coast. Conserv. 22: 5-25, doi: 10.1007/s11852-016-0489-x
    • Schernewski, G., E. Baltranaitė, M. Kataržytė, A. Balčiūnas, N. Čerkasova, J. Mėžinė (2018). Establishing new bathing sites at the Curonian Lagoon coast: an ecological-social-economic assessment. J. coast. conserv. : , doi:10.1007/s11852-017-0587-4
    • Schernewski, G., J. Schumacher, E. Weisner and L. Donges (2018). A combined coastal protection, realignment and wetland restoration scheme in the southern Baltic: planning process, public information and participation. J. Coast. Conserv., doi: 10.1007/s11852-017-0542-4
    • Schernewski, G., R. Friedland, A.-L. Buer, S. Dahlke, B. Drews, S. Höft, T. Klumpe, M. Schadach, J. Schumacher, A. Zaiko (0). Ecological-social-economic assessment of zebra-mussel cultivation scenarios for the Oder (Szczecin) Lagoon. J. coast. conserv. : ,
    • Schumacher J, Schernewski G, Karnauskaitė D, Kataržytė M, Pakleppa S, Pape K, Schönwald S, Völzke M (2018). Measuring and comparing the sustainability of coastal tourism destinations in Germany, Lithuania, and Indonesia. Environment, Development and Sustainability : 1-25,
    • Schumacher, J., G. Schernewski, M. Bielecka, M. I. Loizides and X. I. Loizidou (2018). Methodologies to support coastal management - A stakeholder preference and planning tool and its application. Mar. Policy 94: 150-157, doi: 10.1016/j.marpol.2018.05.017
    • Strøttrup, J. G., G. E. Dinesen, J. Schumacher, C. Gillgren and G. Schernewski (2018). An introduction to the Systems Approach Framework. Coastal & Marine 27: 4-5
  • 2017
    • Allin, A., G. Schernewski, R. Friedland, T. Neumann and H. Radtke (2017). Climate change effects on denitrification and associated avoidance costs in three Baltic river basin - coastal sea systems. J. Coast. Conserv. 21: 561-569, doi: 10.1007/s11852-017-0530-8
    • Gogina, M., C. Morys, S. Forster, U. Gräwe, R. Friedland and M. L. Zettler (2017). Towards benthic ecosystem functioning maps: quantifying bioturbation potential in the German part of the Baltic Sea. Ecol. Indic. 73: 574-588, doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.10.025
    • Leipe, T., M. Naumann, F. Tauber, H. Radtke, R. Friedland, A. Hiller and H. W. Arz (2017). Regional distribution patterns of chemical parameters in surface sediments of the south-western Baltic Sea and their possible causes. Geo-Mar. Lett. 37: 593-606, doi: 10.1007/s00367-017-0514-6
    • Støttrup, J. G., G. E. Dinesen, H. Janßen, C. Gillgren and G. Schernewski (2017). Re-visiting ICM theory and practice: lessons learned from the Baltic Sea region. Ocean Coastal Manage. 139: 64-76, doi: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2017.02.002
    • Zettler, M. L., R. Friedland, M. Gogina and A. Darr (2017). Variation in benthic long-term data of transitional waters: Is interpretation more than speculation? PLoS One 12: e0175746, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0175746 –open access–
  • 2016
    • Friedland, R. and N. Stybel (2016). Fighting eutrophication in shallow coastal waters. YOUMARES 7, Hamburg, German Society for Marine Research: 43
    • Friedland, R. and N. Stybel (2016). Mussel cultivation in the Szczecin Lagoon. YOUMARES 7, Hamburg, German Society for Marine Research: 46
    • Gräwe, D., M. Haseler and G. Schernewski (2016). Meeresmüll an deutschen Ostseestränden. Wasser u. Abfall 18: 12-17
    • Inácio, M. (2016). The Ecosystem Services Assessment Tool (ESAT) - Assessing ecosystem services and tracking their changes over time. Coastal & Marine 25: 8-9 –open access–
    • Käppler, A., D. Fischer, S. Oberbeckmann, G. Schernewski, M. Labrenz, K.-J. Eichhorn and B. Voit (2016). Analysis of environmental microplastics by vibrational microspectroscopy: FTIR, Raman or both? Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 408: 8377-8391, doi: 10.1007/s00216-016-9956-3
    • Schumacher, J. (2016). A participation, preference and planning tool for a systematic involvement of stakeholders. Coastal & Marine 25: 10-11 –open access–
  • 2015
    • Ad-hoc-Arbeitsgruppe "Nährstoffreduktionsziele u. Eurtrophierung Ostsee", M. v. Weber, M. Carstens, A. Bachor, T. Petenati, B. Knefelkamp, M. Trepel, W. Leujak, G. Schernewski, R. Friedland, G. Nausch, T. Neumann and N. Wasmund (2015). Harmonisierte Hintergrund- und Orientierungswerte für Nährstoffe und Chlorophyll-a in den deutschen Küstengewässern der Ostsee sowie Zielfrachten und Zielkonzentrationen für die Einträge über die Gewässer : Konzept zur Ableitung von Nährstoffreduktionszielen nach den Vorgaben der Wasserrahmenrichtlinie, der Meeresstrategie-Rahmenrichtlinie, der Helsinki-Konvention und des Göteburg-Protokolls. Bonn: Bund/Länder-Ausschuss Nord- und Ostsee (BLANO), Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz, Bau und Reaktorsicherheit
    • Friedland, R. (2015). Empfohlener Zielwert für den Stickstoffeintrag : durchschnittliche Chlorophyll-a-Konzentration im Sommer in Mikrogramm pro Liter, Gebiete Ostsee, deutsche Ostseeküste. In: World Ocean Review 4. Hamburg: maribus: Abb. 2.27
    • Friedland, R. and M. v. Weber (2015). Wasserqualitäts- und Nährstoffreduktionsziele für die deutsche Ostsee. Wasser u. Abfall 17: 10-15, doi: 10.1007/s35152-015-0591-7
    • Schernewski, G., R. Friedland, M. Carstens, U. Hirt, W. Leujak, G. Nausch, T. Neumann, T. Petenati, S. Sagert, N. Wasmund and M. v. Weber (2015). Implementation of European marine policy : new water quality targets for German Baltic waters. Mar. policy 51: 305-321, doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2014.09.002 –open access–
    • Schiele, K. S., A. Darr, M. L. Zettler, R. Friedland, F. Tauber, M. v. Weber and J. Voss (2015). Biotope map of the German Baltic Sea. Mar. Poll. Bull. 96: 127-135, doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.05.038
  • 2014
    • Blobel, D., N. Dreier, S. Enderwitz, C. Filies, P. Fröhle, I. Haller, C. Heidecke, J. Hirschfeld, J. Mahnkopf, G. Schernewski, C. Schlamkow, R. Scholz, A. Schröder and A. Wagner (2014). RADOST - Regionale Anpassungsstrategien für die deutsche Ostseeküste. In: Wege zur Anpassung an den Klimawandel : regionale Netzwerke, Strategien und Maßnahmen. Ed. by H. Biebeler, H. Bardt, E. Chrischilles, M. Mahammadzaheh and J. Striebeck. Köln: Inst. der Dt. Wirtschaft (KLIMZUG Klimawandel in Regionen): 147-168, 978-3-602-14932-2
    • McFadden, L. and G. Schernewski (2014). Critical reflections on a systems approach application in practice : a Baltic lagoon case study. Reg. environ. change 14: 2115-2126, doi:10.1007/s10113-012-0337-y
    • Newton, A., J. Icely, S. Cristina, A. Brito, A. C. Cardoso, F. Colijn, S. Dalla Riva, F. Gertz, J. Würgler Hansen, M. Holmer, K. Ivanova, E. Leppäkoski, D. Melaku Canu, C. Mocenni, S. Mudge, N. Murray, M. Pejrup, A. Razinkovas, S. Reizopoulou, A. Pérez-Ruzafa, G. Schernewski, H. Schubert, L. Carr, C. Solidoro, P. Viaroli and J.-M. Zaldívar (2014). An overview of ecological status, vulnerability and future perspectives of European large shallow, semi-enclosed coastal systems, lagoons and transitional waters. Estuar. coast. shelf sci. 140: 95-122, doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2013.05.023
    • Schumacher, J. and E. Weisner (2014). Combining coastal and environmental protection - the example of the realignment area Hütelmoor. Coastal & Marine 23: 14 –open access–
    • Schumacher, J., S. Schönwald and G. Schernewski (2014). Measuring sustainability and climate change adaptation in coastal communities: a German case study. In: Coastal adaptation processes in the German Baltic Sea Region. Rostock: EUCC - Die Küsten Union Deutschland: 37-53, 978-3-939206-14-9
  • 2013
    • Donges, L., I. Haller and G. Schernewski (2013). Tourists’ perception of coastal changes - a contribution to the assessment of regional adaptation strategies? In: Climate change adaptation in practice : from strategy development to implementation. Ed. by P. Schmidt-Thomé and J. Klein. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell: 239-252, 978-0-470-97700-2
    • Klamt, A.-M. and G. Schernewski (2013). Climate change - a new opportunity for mussel farming in the Southern Baltic? In: Climate change adaptation in practice : from strategy development to implementation. Ed. by P. Schmidt-Thomé and J. Klein. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell: 171-184, 978-0-470-97700-2
    • Mossbauer, M., S. Dahlke, R. Friedland and G. Schernewski (2013). Consequences of climate change and environmental policy for macroalgae accumulations on beaches along the German Baltic coastline. In: Climate change adaptation in practice : from strategy development to implementation. Ed. by P. Schmidt-Thomé and J. Klein. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell: 215-224, 978-0-470-97700-2