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SECOS II - Sediments: SECOS II - Mapping and modelling of sediment properties, biodiversity and habitats

This workpackage aims to gain more understanding of spatial patterns and interrelationships between sediment properties, biodiversity and habitats, and to create a larger series of relevant spatial layers required for application. It will be done by modeling the sediment functions such as bioturbation and bioirrigation for the whole study area. These services shall be considered in the system context of the sediment; both their influence on other services such as denitrification or sediment transport and their vulnerability by physical disturbances.


  • Gogina, M. and M. L. Zettler (2023). Ecological Structure in Benthic Habitats of Offshore Waters. In: Southern Baltic Coastal Systems Analysis. Ed. by H. Schubert and F. Müller. Cham: Springer International Publishing (Ecological Studies, Analysis and Synthesis ; 246): 141-145, doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-13682-5_14
  • Neumann, A., J. E. E. van Beusekom, A. Eisele, K.-C. Emeis, J. Friedrich, I. Kröncke, E. L. Logemann, J. Meyer, C. Naderipour, U. Schückel, A. Wrede and M. L. Zettler (2021). Macrofauna as a major driver of bentho-pelagic exchange in the southern North Sea. Limnol. Oceanogr. 66: 2203-2217, doi: 10.1002/lno.11748
  • Rau, A., W.-C. Lewin, M. L. Zettler, M. Gogina and C. v. Dorrien (2019). Abiotic and biotic drivers of flatfish abundance within distinct demersal fish assemblages in a brackish ecosystem (western Baltic Sea). Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 220: 38-47, doi: 10.1016/j.ecss.2019.02.035
  • Gogina, M., M. Lipka, J. Woelfel, B. Liu, C. Morys, M. E. Böttcher and M. L. Zettler (2018). In search of a field-based relationship between benthic macrofauna and biogeochemistry in a modern brackish coastal sea. Front. Mar. Sci. 5: 489, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2018.00489
  • Renz, J. R., M. Powilleit, M. Gogina, M. L. Zettler, C. Morys and S. Forster (2018). Community bioirrigation potential (BIPc), an index to quantify the potential for solute exchange at the sediment-water interface. Mar. Environ. Res. 141: 214-224, doi: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2018.09.013
  • Gogina, M., C. Morys, S. Forster, U. Gräwe, R. Friedland and M. L. Zettler (2017). Towards benthic ecosystem functioning maps: quantifying bioturbation potential in the German part of the Baltic Sea. Ecol. Indic. 73: 574-588, doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.10.025