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Cluster 4: Monitoring and assessment of biotopes, benthos and nonindigenous species (Cluster 4)

Biotopes and habitats are in the focus of relevant European directives (NATURA 2000, Marine Strategy Framework Directive), regional conventions (e.g. OSPAR, HELCOM) and the federal law on nature protection to maintain the natural biodiversity and a good environmental status of the seas. The present project should advance the initiation and establishment of a monitoring program considering these guidelines in the North and Baltic Sea. The development of a monitoring concept and simultaneously the practical implementation due to sampling and assessment are the main goals of this study. Mostly sedentary and stationary organisms as macrozoobenthos and macrophytes with highly sensitive reactions to the changing environment (anthropogenically and naturally) are significant indicators on a local, regional and more global scale.


  • Schiele, K. S., A. Darr, M. L. Zettler, R. Friedland, F. Tauber, M. v. Weber and J. Voss (2015). Biotope map of the German Baltic Sea. Mar. Poll. Bull. 96: 127-135, doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.05.038
  • Zettler, M. L. (2015). Kurze Notiz über die Ankunft von Echinogammarus trichiatus im Ostseegebiet und den Erstnachweis von Paramysis lacustris in Deutschland. Lauterbornia 79: 151-156
  • Schiele, K. S., A. Darr and M. L. Zettler (2014). Verifying a biotope classification using benthic communities - an analysis towards the implementation of the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive. Mar. poll. bull. 78: 181-189, doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2013.10.045
  • Darr, A., M. Gogina and M. L. Zettler (2014). Functional changes in benthic communities along a salinity gradient - a western Baltic case study. J. sea res. 85: 315-324, doi:10.1016/j.seares.2013.06.003
  • Darr, A. and M. L. Zettler (2013). Mehr als Schmuck am Strand : Was Muscheln und Seesterne über den Zustand der heimischen Meere erzählen. In: Die Vielfalt des Lebens : Wie hoch, wie komplex, warum? Ed. by E. Beck. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH: 202-211
  • Darr, A., M. Gogina and M. L. Zettler (2014). Detecting hot-spots of bivalve biomass in the south-western Baltic Sea. J. mar. syst. 134: 69-80, doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2014.03.003