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SECOS II-Ecosystem Services: Ecosystem Services and Quality Indicators

The project includes a systematic analysis which indicators for ecosystem services can be derived from ecosystem model simulations (e. g. water transparency, nutrient retention and transformation, anoxia, sediment burial); the definition of an ecosystem service evaluation baseline based on existing model simulation of 1880 (this baseline reflects reference conditions and potential ecosystem services); a comparison of the reference state with a the present state, a future climate change state and a good status of the sea according to MSFD and WFD; the preparation of historic and present ecosystem service maps for the entire German Baltic Sea; the analysis how the concept can be integrated into the MSFD and the integration into existing indicator based coastal sustainability assessments.


  • Inácio, M. and G. Schernewski (2023). Temporal Changes in Aquatic Ecosystem Services Provision: Approach and Examples. In: Southern Baltic Coastal Systems Analysis. Ed. by H. Schubert and F. Müller. Cham: Springer International Publishing (Ecological Studies, Analysis and Synthesis ; 246): 273-288, doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-13682-5_25
  • Schernewski, G. and E. Robbe (2023). Ecosystem Service Assessment in European Coastal and Marine Policies. In: Southern Baltic Coastal Systems Analysis. Ed. by H. Schubert and F. Müller. Cham: Springer International Publishing (Ecological Studies, Analysis and Synthesis ; 246): 347-366, doi: 10.1007/978-3-031-13682-5_29
  • Schumacher, J., S. Lange, F. Müller and G. Schernewski (2021). Assessment of ecosystem services across the land-sea interface in Baltic case studies. Appl. Sci.-Basel 11: 11799, doi: 10.3390/app112411799
  • Müller, F., S. Bicking, K. Ahrendt, D. Kinh Bac, I. Blindow, C. Fürst, P. Haase, M. Kruse, T. Kruse, L. Ma, M. Perennes, I. Ruljevic, G. Schernewski, C.-G. Schimming, A. Schneiders, H. Schubert, J. Schumacher, U. Tappeiner, P. Wangai, W. Windhorst and J. Zeleny (2020). Assessing ecosystem service potentials to evaluate terrestrial, coastal and marine ecosystem types in Northern Germany - An expert-based matrix approach. Ecol. Indic. 112: 106116, doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2020.106116
  • Karstens, S., M. Inácio and G. Schernewski (2019). Expert-based evaluation of ecosystem service provision in coastal reed wetlands under different management regimes. Front. Environ. Sci. 7: 63, doi: 10.3389/fenvs.2019.00063
  • Inacio, M., G. Schernewski, D. A. Pliatsika, J. Benz and R. Friedland (2019). Assessing changes in ecosystem services provision in coastal waters. Sustainability 11: 2632, doi: 10.3390/su11092632
  • Schernewski, G., P. Paysen, E. Robbe, M. Inácio and J. Schumacher (2019). Ecosystem service assessments in water policy implementation: An analysis in urban and rural estuaries. Front. Mar. Sci. 6: 163, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00183
  • Robbe, E., G. Schernewski and M. Inácio (2018). Assessment of Coastal and Marine Ecosystem Services and its importance within Environmental Policy Implementation. In: Marine Ecosystem Services. Ed. by L. Berger. Bonn: Bundesamt für Naturschutz (BfN-Skripten 521), 978-3-89624-258-7, doi: 10.19217/skr521
  • Inácio, M., G. Schernewski, Y. Nazemtseva, E. Baltranaitė, R. Friedland and J. Benz (2018). Ecosystem services provision today and in the past: a comparative study in two Baltic lagoons. Ecol. Res. 33: 1255-1274, doi: 10.1007/s11284-018-1643-8
  • Schernewski, G., M. Inácio and Y. Nazemtseva (2018). Expert based ecosystem service assessment in coastal and marine planning and management: A Baltic Lagoon case study. Front. Environ. Sci. 6: 19, doi: 10.3389/fenvs.2018.00019
  • Newton, A., A. C. Brito, J. D. Icely, V. Derolez, I. Clara, S. Angus, G. Schernewski, M. Inácio, A. I. Lillebø, A. I. Sousa, B. Béjaoui, C. Solidoro, M. Tosic, M. Cañedo-Argüelles, M. Yamamuro, S. Reizopoulou, H.-C. Tseng, D. Canu, L. Roselli, M. Maanan, S. Cristina, A. C. Ruiz-Fernández, R. F. d. Lima, B. Kjerfve, N. Rubio-Cisneros, A. Pérez-Ruzafa, C. Marcos, R. Pastres, F. Pranovi, M. Snoussi, J. Turpie, Y. Tuchkovenko, B. Dyack, J. Brookes, R. Povilanskas and V. Khokhlov (2018). Assessing, quantifying and valuing the ecosystem services of coastal lagoons. J. Nat. Conserv. 44: 50-65, doi: 10.1016/j.jnc.2018.02.009
  • Inácio, M., Schernewski, G., Nazemtseva Y., Paysen, P., Friedland, R.,  2017. Ecosystem Services Assessment of German Baltic Lagoons. In Ozhan E. (Editor),  Proceedings of the Thirteenth International MEDCOAST Congress on Coastal and Marine Sciences, Engineering, Management and Conservation, MEDCOAST 2017, 31 Oct – 04 Nov 2017, Mellieha, Malta, MEDCOAST, Mediterranean Coastal Foundation, Dalyan, Mugla, Turkey, vol1-2, 1266p.