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Biological Oceanography

Research areas

  • Investigating biologically mediated fluxes/changes and vertical transport processes from plankton to benthos, and developing flux budgets for the key elements nitrogen and carbon;
  • Investigating eco-physiological and taxonomic interactions between organisms and the environment, and developing methods to quantify the effects of pollutants;
  • Quantifying the exchange among the eutrophic, productive waters of coastal areas, the oligotrophic waters of the central Baltic, and the anoxic the deep basins;
  • Biological monitoring of the open Baltic Sea within HELCOM’s Baltic Monitoring Program;
  • Studying ecological systems and their changes/variability in relation to anthropogenic/climatic influences;
  • Coastal zone management.

Our researchers also represent the traditional disciplines of phytoplanktology, zooplanktology, microbiology and physiology of benthic organisms.

IOW-Picture Gallery of Baltic Microalgae

... a collection of
light- and SEM-
microphotopgraphs
of algae

Environmental Monitoring of the Baltic Sea

The latest reports on the biological state of the Baltic Sea.

Publications of the Department Biological Oceanography 2018

  • Alneberg, J., J. Sundh, C. Bennke, S. Beier, D. Lundin, L. W. Hugerth, J. Pinhassi, V. Kisand, L. Riemann, K. Jurgens, M. Labrenz and A. F. Andersson (2018). BARM and BalticMicrobeDB, a reference metagenome and interface to meta-omic data for the Baltic Sea. Sci Data 5: 180146, doi: 10.1038/sdata.2018.146
  • Bartl, I., I. Liskow, K. Schulz, L. Umlauf and M. Voss (2018). River plume and bottom boundary layer - Hotspots for nitrification in a coastal bay? Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 208: 70-82, doi: 10.1016/j.ecss.2018.04.023
  • Beisiegel, K., A. Darr, M. L. Zettler, R. Friedland, U. Gräwe and M. Gogina (2018). Understanding the spatial distribution of subtidal reef assemblages in the southern Baltic Sea using towed camera platform imagery. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 207: 82-92, doi: 10.1016/j.ecss.2018.04.006
  • Bennke, C. M., F. Pollehne, A. Müller, R. Hansen, B. Kreikemeyer and M. Labrenz (2018). The distribution of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea assessed by a prokaryotic 16S rRNA gene primer system. J. Plankton Res. 40: 244-254, doi: 10.1093/plankt/fby008
  • Bernreuther, M., J. Peters, C. Moellmann, J. D. Renz, Joerg Herrmann, Jens-Peter Temming, Axel, M. Bernreuther, J. Peters, C. Mollmann, J. Renz, J. Dutz, J. P. Herrmann and A. Temming (2018). Trophic decoupling of mesozooplankton production and the pelagic planktivores sprat Sprattus sprattus and herring Clupea harengus in the Central Baltic Sea. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 592: 181-196, doi: 10.3354/meps12512
  • Buer, A.-L., G. Gyraite, P. Wegener, X. Lange, M. Katarzyte, G. Hauk and G. Schernewski (2018). Long term development of Bathing Water Quality at the German Baltic coast: spatial patterns, problems and model simulations. Mar. Poll. Bull. 135: 1055-1066, doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.08.048
  • Dornelas, M., L. H. Antão, F. Moyes, A. E. Bates, A. E. Magurran, D. Adam, A. A. Akhmetzhanova, W. Appeltans, J. M. Arcos, H. Arnold, N. Ayyappan, G. Badihi, A. H. Baird, M. Barbosa, T. E. Barreto, C. Bässler, A. Bellgrove, J. Belmaker, L. Benedetti-Cecchi, B. J. Bett, A. D. Bjorkman, M. Błażewicz, S. A. Blowes, C. P. Bloch, T. C. Bonebrake, S. Boyd, M. Bradford, A. J. Brooks, J. H. Brown, H. Bruelheide, P. Budy, F. Carvalho, E. Castañeda-Moya, C. A. Chen, J. F. Chamblee, T. J. Chase, L. Siegwart Collier, S. K. Collinge, R. Condit, E. J. Cooper, J. H. C. Cornelissen, U. Cotano, S. Kyle Crow, G. Damasceno, C. H. Davies, R. A. Davis, F. P. Day, S. Degraer, T. S. Doherty, T. E. Dunn, G. Durigan, J. E. Duffy, D. Edelist, G. J. Edgar, R. Elahi, S. C. Elmendorf, A. Enemar, S. K. M. Ernest, R. Escribano, M. Estiarte, B. S. Evans, T.-Y. Fan, F. Turini Farah, L. Loureiro Fernandes, F. Z. Farneda, A. Fidelis, R. Fitt, A. M. Fosaa, G. A. Daher Correa Franco, G. E. Frank, W. R. Fraser, H. García, R. Cazzolla Gatti, O. Givan, E. Gorgone-Barbosa, W. A. Gould, C. Gries, G. D. Grossman, J. R. Gutierréz, S. Hale, M. E. Harmon, J. Harte, G. Haskins, D. L. Henshaw, L. Hermanutz, P. Hidalgo, P. Higuchi, A. Hoey, G. Van Hoey, A. Hofgaard, K. Holeck, R. D. Hollister, R. Holmes, M. Hoogenboom, C.-h. Hsieh, S. P. Hubbell, F. Huettmann, C. L. Huffard, A. H. Hurlbert, N. Macedo Ivanauskas, D. Janík, U. Jandt, A. Jażdżewska, T. Johannessen, J. Johnstone, J. Jones, F. A. M. Jones, J. Kang, T. Kartawijaya, E. C. Keeley, D. A. Kelt, R. Kinnear, K. Klanderud, H. Knutsen, C. C. Koenig, A. R. Kortz, K. Král, L. A. Kuhnz, C.-Y. Kuo, D. J. Kushner, C. Laguionie-Marchais, L. T. Lancaster, C. Min Lee, J. S. Lefcheck, E. Lévesque, D. Lightfoot, F. Lloret, J. D. Lloyd, A. López-Baucells, M. Louzao, J. S. Madin, B. Magnússon, S. Malamud, I. Matthews, K. P. McFarland, B. McGill, D. McKnight, W. O. McLarney, J. Meador, P. L. Meserve, D. J. Metcalfe, C. F. J. Meyer, A. Michelsen, N. Milchakova, T. Moens, E. Moland, J. Moore, C. Mathias Moreira, J. Müller, G. Murphy, I. H. Myers-Smith, R. W. Myster, A. Naumov, F. Neat, J. A. Nelson, M. Paul Nelson, S. F. Newton, N. Norden, J. C. Oliver, E. M. Olsen, V. G. Onipchenko, K. Pabis, R. J. Pabst, A. Paquette, S. Pardede, D. M. Paterson, R. Pélissier, J. Peñuelas, A. Pérez-Matus, O. Pizarro, F. Pomati, E. Post, H. H. T. Prins, J. C. Priscu, P. Provoost, K. L. Prudic, E. Pulliainen, B. R. Ramesh, O. Mendivil Ramos, A. Rassweiler, J. E. Rebelo, D. C. Reed, P. B. Reich, S. M. Remillard, A. J. Richardson, J. P. Richardson, I. van Rijn, R. Rocha, V. H. Rivera-Monroy, C. Rixen, K. P. Robinson, R. Ribeiro Rodrigues, D. de Cerqueira Rossa-Feres, L. Rudstam, H. Ruhl, C. S. Ruz, E. M. Sampaio, N. Rybicki, A. Rypel, S. Sal, B. Salgado, F. A. M. Santos, A. P. Savassi-Coutinho, S. Scanga, J. Schmidt, R. Schooley, F. Setiawan, K.-T. Shao, G. R. Shaver, S. Sherman, T. W. Sherry, J. Siciński, C. Sievers, A. C. da Silva, F. Rodrigues da Silva, F. L. Silveira, J. Slingsby, T. Smart, S. J. Snell, N. A. Soudzilovskaia, G. B. G. Souza, F. Maluf Souza, V. Castro Souza, C. D. Stallings, R. Stanforth, E. H. Stanley, J. Mauro Sterza, M. Stevens, R. Stuart-Smith, Y. Rondon Suarez, S. Supp, J. Yoshio Tamashiro, S. Tarigan, G. P. Thiede, S. Thorn, A. Tolvanen, M. Teresa Zugliani Toniato, Ø. Totland, R. R. Twilley, G. Vaitkus, N. Valdivia, M. I. Vallejo, T. J. Valone, C. Van Colen, J. Vanaverbeke, F. Venturoli, H. M. Verheye, M. Vianna, R. P. Vieira, T. Vrška, C. Quang Vu, L. Van Vu, R. B. Waide, C. Waldock, D. Watts, S. Webb, T. Wesołowski, E. P. White, C. E. Widdicombe, D. Wilgers, R. Williams, S. B. Williams, M. Williamson, M. R. Willig, T. J. Willis, S. Wipf, K. D. Woods, E. J. Woehler, K. Zawada and M. L. Zettler (2018). BioTIME: A database of biodiversity time series for the Anthropocene. Glob. Ecol. Biogeogr. 27: 760-786, doi: doi:10.1111/geb.12729
  • Dutz, J. and A. M. Christensen (2018). Broad plasticity in the salinity tolerance of a marine copepod species, Acartia longiremis, in the Baltic Sea. J. Plankton Res. 40, 3: 342-355, doi: 10.1093/plankt/fby013
  • Eglite, E., D. Wodarg, J. Dutz, N. Wasmund, G. Nausch, I. Liskow, D. Schulz-Bull and N. Loick-Wilde (2018). Strategies of amino acid supply in mesozooplankton during cyanobacteria blooms: a stable nitrogen isotope approach. Ecosphere 9: e02135, doi: doi:10.1002/ecs2.2135
  • Eigemann, F., M. Schwartke and H. N. Schulz-Vogt (2018). Niche separation of Baltic Sea cyanobacteria during bloom events by species interactions and autecological preferences. Harmful Algae 72: 65-73, doi: 10.1016/j.hal.2018.01.001
  • Ekau, W., H. Auel, W. Hagen, R. Koppelmann, N. Wasmund, K. Bohata, F. Buchholz, S. Geist, B. Martin, A. Schukat, H. M. Verheye and T. Werner (2018). Pelagic key species and mechanisms driving energy flows in the northern Benguela upwelling ecosystem and their feedback into biogeochemical cycles. J. Mar. Syst. 188: 49-62, doi: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2018.03.001
  • Emeis, K., A. Eggert, A. Flohr, N. Lahajnar, G. Nausch, A. Neumann, T. Rixen, M. Schmidt, A. Van der Plas and N. Wasmund (2018). Biogeochemical processes and turnover rates in the Northern Benguela Upwelling System. J. Mar. Syst. 188: 63-80, doi: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2017.10.001
  • Felgentreu, L., G. Nausch, F. Bitschofsky, M. Nausch and D. Schulz-Bull (2018). Colorimetric chemical differentiation and detection of phosphorus in eutrophic and high particulate waters: Advantages of a new monitoring approach. Front. Mar. Sci. 5: 212, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2018.00212
  • Haseler, M., G. Schernewski, A. Balciunas and V. Sabaliauskaite (2018). Monitoring methods for large micro- and meso-litter and applications at Baltic beaches. J. Coast. Conserv. 22: 27-50, doi: 10.1007/s11852-017-0497-5
  • Häusler, K., O. Dellwig, B. Schnetger, P. Feldens, T. Leipe, M. Moros, F. Pollehne, M. Schönke, A. Wegwerth and H. W. Arz (2018). Massive Mn carbonate formation in the Landsort Deep (Baltic Sea): Hydrographic conditions, temporal succession, and Mn budget calculations. Mar. Geol. 395: 260-270, doi: 10.1016/j.margeo.2017.10.010
  • Jäntti, H., B. B. Ward, J. W. Dippner and S. Hietanen (2018). Nitrification and the ammonia-oxidizing communities in the central Baltic Sea water column. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 202: 280-289, doi: 10.1016/j.ecss.2018.01.019
  • Klier, J., O. Dellwig, T. Leipe, K. Jürgens and D. P. R. Herlemann (2018). Benthic bacterial community composition in the oligohaline-marine transition of surface sediments in the Baltic Sea based on rRNA analysis. Front. Microbiol. 9: 236, doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.00236
  • Kolzau, S., A. M. Dolman, M. Voss and C. Wiedner (2018). The response of nitrogen fixing cyanobacteria to a reduction in nitrogen loading. Int. Rev. Hydrobiol. 103, 1-2: 5-14, doi: 10.1002/iroh.201601882
  • Lenz, R. and M. Labrenz (2018). Small microplastic sampling in water: Development of an encapsulated filtration device. Water 10: 1055, doi: 10.3390/w10081055
  • Loick-Wilde, N., S. C. Weber, E. Eglite, I. Liskow, D. Schulz-Bull, N. Wasmund, D. Wodarg and J. P. Montoya (2018). De novo amino acid synthesis and turnover during N2 fixation. Limnol. Oceanogr. 63: 1076-1092, doi: 10.1002/lno.10755
  • Miranda, M. L., N. I. H. Mustaffa, T. B. Robinson, C. Stolle, M. Ribas-Ribas, O. Wurl and O. Zielinski (2018). Influence of solar radiation on biogeochemical parameters and fluorescent dissolved organic matter (FDOM) in the sea surface microlayer of the southern coastal North Sea. Elem. Sci. Anth. 6: 15, doi: 10.1525/elementa.278
  • Monteiro, R. C. P., J. A. Ivar do Sul and M. F. Costa (2018). Plastic pollution in islands of the Atlantic Ocean. Environ. Poll. 238: 103-110, doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2018.01.096
  • Oberbeckmann, S., B. Kreikemeyer and M. Labrenz (2018). Environmental factors support the formation of specific bacterial assemblages on microplastics. Front. Microbiol. 8: 2709, doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.02709
  • Schmale, O., J. Wäge, V. Mohrholz, N. Wasmund, U. Gräwe, G. Rehder, M. Labrenz and N. Loick-Wilde (2018). The contribution of zooplankton to methane supersaturation in the oxygenated upper waters of the central Baltic Sea. Limnol. Oceanogr. 63: 412-430, doi: 10.1002/lno.10640
  • Shen, D., K. Jürgens and S. Beier (2018). Experimental insights into the importance of ecologically dissimilar bacteria to community assembly along a salinity gradient. Environ. Microbiol. 20: 1170-1184, doi: 10.1111/1462-2920.14059
  • Tagg, A. S. and M. Labrenz (2018). Closing microplastic pathways before they open: A model approach. Environ. Sci. Technol. 52: 3340-3341, doi: 10.1021/acs.est.8b00961
  • Thoms, F., C. Burmeister, J. W. Dippner, M. Gogina, U. Janas, H. Kendzierska, I. Liskow and M. Voss (2018). Impact of macrofaunal communities on the coastal filter function in the Bay of Gdansk, Baltic Sea. Front. Mar. Sci. 5: 201, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2018.00201
  • Umbricht, J., J. W. Dippner, B. Fry, I. Kröncke, I. Liskow, P. Nehmer, F. Thoms and M. Voss (2018). Correction of the isotopic composition (δ13C and δ15N) of preserved Baltic and North Sea macrozoobenthos and their trophic interactions. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 595: 1-13, doi: 10.3354/meps12543
  • Wannicke, N., M. Benavides, T. Dalsgaard, J. W. Dippner, J. P. Montoya and M. Voss (2018). New perspectives on nitrogen fixation measurements using 15N2 gas. Front. Mar. Sci. 5: 120, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2018.00120
  • Waters, C. N., J. Zalasiewicz, C. Summerhayes, I. J. Fairchild, N. L. Rose, N. J. Loader, W. Shotyk, A. Cearreta, M. J. Head, J. P. M. Syvitski, M. Williams, M. Wagreich, A. D. Barnosky, A. Zhisheng, R. Leinfelder, C. Jeandel, A. Gałuszka, J. A. Ivar do Sul, F. Gradstein, W. Steffen, J. R. McNeill, S. Wing, C. Poirier and M. Edgeworth (2018). Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) for the Anthropocene series: Where and how to look for potential candidates. Earth-Sci. Rev. 178: 379-429, doi: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2017.12.016
  • Wylezich, C., D. P. R. Herlemann and K. Jürgens (2018). Improved 18S rDNA amplification protocol for assessing protist diversity in oxygen-deficient marine systems. Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 81: 83-94, doi: 10.3354/ame01864
  • Wäge, J., J. M. Rotchell, M.-C. Gambi and J. D. Hardege (2018). Target gene expression studies on Platynereis dumerilii and Platynereis cfr massiliensis at the shallow CO2 vents off Ischia, Italy. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 207: 351-358, doi: 10.1016/j.ecss.2017.11.012
  • Zettler, M. L. and A. Myers (2018). A new species of Ledoyerella, L. kunensis sp. nov. (Amphipoda, Senticaudata, Kamakidae) from South West Africa. Zootaxa 4450: 142-150, doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.4450.1.11
  • Zettler, M. L., J. Beermann, J. Dannheim, B. Ebbe, M. Grotjahn, C.-P. Günther, M. Gusky, B. Kind, I. Kröncke, R. Kuhlenkamp, C. Orendt, E. Rachor, A. Schanz, A. Schröder, L. Schüler and J. Witt (2018). An annotated checklist of macrozoobenthic species in German waters of the North and Baltic Seas. Helgoland Mar. Res. 72: Article 5, doi: 10.1186/s10152-018-0507-5        
  • Zettler, M. L., J. Polak and R. Metzger (2018). Ein individuenreiches Vorkommen der Kleinsten Erbsenmuschel (Pisidium tenuilineatum Stelfox 1918) in der Altmark (Sachsen-Anhalt). Mitt. Dtsch. Malakozool. Ges. 98: 23-27, http://www.dmg.mollusca.de/images/mitteilungen_dmg/mitteilungen098/mitt_dmg_098_023-027_zettler.pdf