Institut für Ostseeforschung Warnemünde
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Dr. Florian Börgel

Florian Börgel
Leibniz-Institut für Ostseeforschung
Seestrasse 15
D-18119 Rostock
+49 381 5197 0
+49 381 5197 440
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Hey, my name is Florian and I am working as a Postdoc at the Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde. 

Research Interest

In my research, I try to understand how long-term variability in the atmosphere and ocean affects Northern Europe and the Baltic Sea on timescales of 10 to 1,000 years.

Currently, my main focus is on the teleconnection between the North Atlantic and the Baltic Sea in CMIP6 models.


Relationship between two clusters of CMIP6 piControls members, focusing on the relationship between the North Atlantic and sensible heat fluxes, sea surface temperatures, and the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation.


My latest work focuses on the relationship between the North Atlantic Oscillation and the Atlantic Multidecadal Variability in CMIP6 piControl runs. If you are interested, find our study published in Environmental Research Letters.


[12] Börgel, F., Gröger, M., Meier, H. E. M., Dutheil, C., Radtke, H., & Borchert, L. (2022). Tracing the fingerprint of multi-decadal fluctuations in the Baltic Sea. npj - Climate and atmosphere. under review.

[11] Dutheil, C., Meier, H. E. M., Gröger, M., & Börgel, F. (2022). Warming of Baltic Sea water masses since 1850. Journal of Climate. under review.

[10] Gröger, M., Placke, M., Meier, M., Börgel, F., Brunnabend, S.-E., Dutheil, C., . . . Väli, G. (2022). The Baltic Sea Model Inter-Comparison Project BMIP – a Platform for Model Development, Evaluation, and Uncertainty Assessment. Geoscientific Model Development Discussions, 1–34. Publisher:Copernicus GmbH.  doi:10.5194/gmd-2022-160

[9] Börgel, F., Meier, H. E. M., Gröger, M., Rhein, M., Dutheil, C., and Kaiser, J. M.: Atlantic Multidecadal Variability and the Implications for North European Precipitation, Environmental Research Letters,, 2022

[8] Meier, H. E. M., Kniebusch, M., Dieterich, C., Gröger, M., Zorita, E., Elmgren, R., Myrberg, K., Ahola, M., Bartosova, A., Bonsdorff, E., Börgel, F., Capell, R., Carlén, I., Carlund, T., Carstensen, J., Christensen, O. B., Dierschke, V., Frauen, C., Frederiksen, M., Gaget, E., Galatius, A., Haapala, J. J., Halkka, A., Hugelius, G., Hünicke, B., Jaagus, J., Jüssi, M., Käyhkö, J., Kirchner, N., Kjellström, E., Kulinski, K., Lehmann, A., Lindström, G., May, W., Miller, P., Mohrholz, V., Müller-Karulis, B., Pavón-Jordán, D., Quante, M., Reckermann, M., Rutgersson, A., Savchuk, O. P., Stendel, M., Tuomi, L., Viitasalo, M., Weisse, R., and Zhang, W.: Climate Change in the Baltic Sea Region: A Summary, Earth Syst. Dynam. Discuss.,,, 2022.

[7] H. E. Markus Meier, Christian Dieterich, Matthias Gröger, Cyril Dutheil, Florian Börgel, Kseniia Safonova, Ole B. Christensen, Erik Kjellström: Oceanographic regional climate projections for the Baltic Sea until 2100,, 2022

[6] Dutheil, C., Meier, H.E.M., Gröger, M. and Börgel, F. Understanding past and future sea surface temperature trends in the Baltic Sea. Clim Dyn (2021)., 2021

[5] Börgel, F., C. Frauen, T. Neumann, and H. E. M. Meier., The Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation controls the impact of the North Atlantic Oscillation on North European climate, Environmental Research Letters, 2020

[4] Meier H. E. M., Börgel F., Frauen C., Radtke H., Commentary: Lake or Sea? The Unknown Future of Central Baltic Sea Herring , Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 2020

[3] Kniebusch, M., Meier, H. E. M., Neumann, T., and Börgel, F., Temperature variability of the Baltic Sea since 1850 and attribution to atmospheric forcing variables, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 2019

[2] Radtke, H, Börgel, F, Brunnabend, S-E, Eggert, A, Kniebusch, M, Meier, H E M, Neumann, D, Neumann, T and Placke, M, Validator a Web-Based Interactive Tool for Validation of Ocean Models at Oceanographic Stations., Journal of Open Research Software, 2019

[1] Börgel, F., C. Frauen, T. Neumann, S. Schimanke, and H. E. M. Meier., Impact of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation on Baltic Sea variability, Geophysical Research Letters, 45., 2018