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Dr. Florian Börgel

Florian Börgel
Leibniz-Institut für Ostseeforschung
Seestrasse 15
D-18119 Rostock
+49 381 5197 0
+49 381 5197 440
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I'm a tenured research scientist at the Leibniz-Institute for Baltic Sea Research in Warnemünde and a member of the working group Dynamics of regional climate systems. In my research, I try to understand how longterm variability in the atmosphere and ocean affects Northern Europe and the Baltic Sea on timescales of 10 to 1,000 years.

For my research on the teleconnection between the North Atlantic Ocean and Northern Europe, I was recently awarded the 2023 Division Outstanding Early Career Scientist Award in the Ocean Sciences division at the European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly.

Research Interest

Currently, my main focus is the teleconnection between the North Atlantic and the Baltic Sea in CMIP6 models.

Relationship between two clusters of CMIP6 piControls members, focusing on the relationship between the North Atlantic and sensible heat fluxes, sea surface temperatures, and the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation.


My latest work focuses on the relationship between the North Atlantic Oscillation and the Atlantic Multidecadal Variability in CMIP6 piControl runs. If you are interested, find our study published in Environmental Research Letters.


1. Dutheil, C., Börgel, F., Gröger, M., & Meier, H. E. M. (n.d.). Changes in spatial structure of weather regimes dominate European precipitation changes since 1950. Sciences advances. under review.

2. Gröger, M., Dutheil, C., Börgel, F., & Meier, H. E. M. (n.d.). Winter marine heatwaves promoted by warm deepwater showcased in a sub-polar marginal sea. Climate Dynamics. under review.

3. Börgel F, Neumann T, Rooze J, Radtke H, Barghorn L and Meier HEM (2023) Deoxygenation of the Baltic Sea during the last millennium. Front. Mar. Sci. 10:1174039. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2023.1174039

4. Aue, L., & Börgel, F. (2023). From “Bangtan Boys” to “International Relations Professor”: Mapping Self-Identifications in the UN’s Twitter Public. Politics and Governance. accepted.

5 Börgel, F., Gröger, M., Meier, H. E. M., Dutheil, C., Radtke, H., & Borchert, L. (2023). The impact of Atlantic Multidecadal Variability on Baltic Sea temperatures limited to winter. npj Climate and Atmospheric Science, 6(1), 1–9. doi:10.1038/s41612-023-00373-8

6 Meier, H. E. M., Barghorn, L., Börgel, F., Gröger, M., Naumov, L., & Radtke, H. (2023). Multidecadal climate variability dominated past trends in the water balance of the Baltic Sea catchment area. npj Clim Atmos Sci 6, 58 (2023). doi:10.1038/s41612-023-00380-9

7 Dutheil, C., Meier, H. E. M., Gröger, M., & Börgel, F. (2022). Warming of Baltic Sea water masses since 1850. Climate Dynamics.  doi:10.1007/s00382-022-06628-z

8 Gröger, M., Placke, M., Meier, M., Börgel, F., Brunnabend, S.-E., Dutheil, C., . . . Väli, G. (2022). The Baltic Sea Model Inter-Comparison Project BMIP – a Platform for Model Development, Evaluation, and Uncertainty Assessment. Geoscientific Model Development Discussions, 1–34. Publisher: Copernicus GmbH.  doi:10.5194/gmd-2022-160

9 Börgel, F., Meier, H. E. M., Gröger, M., Rhein, M., Dutheil, C., & Kaiser, J. M. (2022). Atlantic Multidecadal Variability and the Implications for North European Precipitation. Environmental Research Letters, 17(4), 044040. Publisher: IOP Publishing.  doi:10.1088/1748-9326/ac5ca1

10 Meier, H. E. M., Kniebusch, M., Dieterich, C., Gröger, M., Zorita, E., Elmgren, R., . . . Zhang, W. (2022). Climate Change in the Baltic Sea Region: A Summary. Earth System Dynamics, 13(1), 457–593. Publisher: Copernicus GmbH.  doi:10.5194/esd-13-457-2022

11 Meier, H. E. M., Dieterich, C., Gröger, M., Dutheil, C., Börgel, F., Safonova, K., . . . Kjellström, E. (2022). Oceanographic Regional Climate Projections for the Baltic Sea until 2100. Earth System Dynamics, 13(1), 159–199. Publisher: Copernicus GmbH.  doi:10.5194/esd-13-159-2022

12 Dutheil, C., Meier, H. E. M., Gröger, M., & Börgel, F. (2021). Understanding Past and Future Sea Surface Temperature Trends in the Baltic Sea. Climate Dynamics.  doi:10.1007/s00382-021-06084-1

13 Börgel, F., Frauen, C., Neumann, T., & Meier, H. E. M. (2020). The Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation Controls the Impact of the North Atlantic Oscillation on North European Climate. Environmental Research Letters, 15(10), 104025. Publisher: IOP Publishing.  doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aba925

14 Meier, H. E. M., Börgel, F., Frauen, C., & Radtke, H. (2020). Commentary: Lake or Sea? The Unknown Future of Central Baltic Sea Herring. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 8. Retrieved September 24, 2022, from

15 Radtke, H., Börgel, F., Brunnabend, S.-E., Eggert, A., Kniebusch, M., Meier, H. E. M., . . . Placke, M. (2019). Validator – a Web-Based Interactive Tool for Validation of Ocean Models at Oceanographic Stations. Journal of Open Research Software, 7(1), 18. Number: 1 Publisher: Ubiquity Press.  doi:10.5334/jors.259

16 Kniebusch, M., Meier, H. M., Neumann, T., & Börgel, F. (2019). Temperature Variability of the Baltic Sea Since 1850 and Attribution to Atmospheric Forcing Variables. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 124(6), 4168–4187.  doi:10.1029/2018JC013948

17 Börgel, F., Frauen, C., Neumann, T., Schimanke, S., & Meier, H. E. (2018). Impact of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation on Baltic Sea Variability. Geophysical Research Letters, 45(18), 9880–9888.  doi:10.1029/2018GL078943

Member of the working group:

Dynamics of regional climate systems

My personal website:

My ResearchGate profile:

ResearchGate profile