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Ralf Prien - Publications


Estelmann, A., Prien, R. D. (2023). Methane Induced SPR Shifts of Cryptophane A Doped Polymer Layers, IEEE Sensors Journal, doi:10.1109/JSEN.2023.3239561


Frazão, H. C., Prien, R. D., Schulz-Bull, D. E., Seidov, D., Waniek, J. J. (2022). The Forgotten Azores Current: A Long-Term Perspective. Frontiers in Marine Science, Vol. 9, doi:10.3389/fmars.2022.842251


Moosdorf N, Böttcher M E, Adyasari, Erkul E, Gilfedder B S, Greskowiak J, Jenner A-K, Kotwicki L, Massmann G, Oehler T, Müller-Pethke M, Prien R D, Scholten J, Sieman B, von Ahn C M E, Walther M, Waska H, Wunderlich T, Mallast U (2021). A state-of-the-art perspective on the characterization of subterranean estuaries at the regional scale. Frontiers in Earth Science, doi:10.3389/feart.2021.601293

Frazão, H. C. Prien, R. D., Müller, T. J., Schulz-Bull, D. E., Waniek, J. J. (2021). 30 years of temporal variability of temperature and currents below the main thermocline between 1980-2009 in the subtropical Northeast Atlantic (Kiel 276, 33°N, 22°W). J. mar. syst. 217: 103517, doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2021.103517


Reineccius, J., J.-S. Appelt, T. Hinrichs, D. Kaiser, J. Stern, R.D. Prien, J.J. Waniek (2020). Abundance and characteristics of microfibers detected in sediment trap material from the deep subtropical North Atlantic Ocean, Science of The Total Environment,Vol. 738, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.140354

Holtermann, P., R. Prien, M. Naumann, L. Umlauf (2020). Interleaving of oxygenized intrusions into the Baltic Sea redoxcline. Limnol. Oceanogr., 65:482-503, doi:10.1002/lno.11317


Meyer, D., R.D. Prien, L. Rautmann, M. Pallentin, J.J. Waniek, D.E. Schulz-Bull (2018). In situ Determination of Nitrate and Hydrogen Sulfide in the Baltic Sea Using an Ultraviolet Spectrophotometer. Front. Mar. Sci. 5:431. doi:10.3389/fmars.2018.00431

Meyer, D., U. Lips, R.D. Prien, M. Naumann, T. Liblik, I. Schuffenhauer, D.E. Schulz–Bull (2018). Quantification of dissolved oxygen dynamics in a semi-enclosed sea – A comparison of observational platforms. CSR, 169, 1.10.2018, 34-45, doi:10.1016/j.csr.2018.09.011

Umlauf, L., P.L. Holtermann, C.A. Gillner, R.D. Prien, L. Merckelbach, J.R. Carpenter (2018). Diffusive Convection under Rapidly Varying Conditions. JPO, 48(8), pp. 1731-1747, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-18-0018.1 


Torino, S., L. Conte, M. Iodice, G. Coppola, R. Prien (2017). PDMS membranes as sensing element in optical sensors for gas detection in water. Sensing and Bio-Sensing Research, 16, pp. 74-78, doi:10.1016/j.sbsr.2017.11.008

Holtermann, P.L., R. Prien, M. Naumann, V. Mohrholz, L. Umlauf (2017). Deepwater dynamics and mixing processes during a major inflow event in the central Baltic Sea. JGR: Oceans, 122(8), 6648-6667, doi:10.1002/2017JC013050

Holtermann, P. L., R. Prien, V. Mohrholz, and L. Umlauf (2017), Dataset for the Article ‘‘Deepwater Dynamics and Mixing Processes During a Major Inflow Event in the Central Baltic Sea,’’ Leibniz Inst. for Baltic Sea Res., Warnemünde, Germany, doi:10.12754/data-2017-0001.


Meyer, D., R.D. Prien, O. Dellwig, J.J. Waniek, I. Schuffenhauer, J. Donath, S. Krüger, M. Pallentin, D.E. Schulz-Bull (2016). A Multi-Pumping Flow System for In Situ Measurements of Dissolved Manganese in Aquatic Systems. Sensors 16(12): 2027, doi:10.3390/s16122027

Prien, R. D. and Schulz-Bull, D. E.: Technical note: GODESS – a profiling mooring in the Gotland Basin, Ocean Sci., 12, 899-907, doi:10.5194/os-12-899-2016, 2016.


J. Friedrich, F. Janssen, D. Aleynik, H.W. Bange, N. Boltacheva, M.N. Çagatay, A.W. Dale, G. Etiope, Z. Erdem, M. Geraga, A. Gilli, M.T. Gomoiu, P.O.J. Hall, D. Hansson, Y. He, M. Holtappels, M.K. Kirf, M. Kononets, S. Konovalov, A. Lichtschlag, D.M. Livingstone, G. Marinaro, S. Mazlumyan, S. Naeher, R.P. North, G. Papatheodorou, O. Pfannkuche, R. Prien, G. Rehder, C.J. Schubert, T. Soltwedel, S. Sommer, H. Stahl, E.V. Stanev, A. Teaca, A. Tengberg, C. Waldmann, B. Wehrli, F. Wenzhöfer (2014). Investigating hypoxia in aquatic environments: diverse approaches to addressing a complex phenomenon. Biogeosciences, 11, 1215-1259, doi:10.5194/bg-11-1215-2014

Meyer, D., Prien, R.D., Dellwig, O., Waniek, J.J., Schulz-Bull, D.E. (2014). Electrode measurements of the oxidation reduction potential in the Gotland Deep using moored profiling instrumentation. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 141, 26-36, doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2014.02.001.


Prien, R. D. (2013). Optical assessment of nutrients in seawater. In: Subsea optics and imaging, J. Watson and O. Zielinski (eds.), Woodhead Publishing, ISBN-13: 978 0 85709 341 7. Link

Boulart, C., Prien, R., Chavagnac, V., Dutasta, J.-P. (2013). Sensing dissolved methane in aquatic environments: An experiment in the Central Baltic Sea using surface plasmon resonance. Environ. Sci. Technol., 47(15), pp 8582-8590, doi: 10.1021/es4011916


Meyer, D., R. D. Prien, O. Dellwig, D. P. Connelly and D. E. Schulz-Bull (2012). In situ determination of iron(II) in the anoxic zone of the central Baltic Sea using ferene as spectrophotometric reagent. Mar. chem. 130-131: 21-27. doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2011.12.002



Waldmann, C., M. Tamburri, R. D. Prien and P. Fietzek (2010). Assessment of sensor performance. Ocean sci. 6: 235-245.



Adornato, L., A. Cardenas-Valencia, E. Kaltenbacher, R. H. Byrne, K. Daly, K. Larkin, S. Hartman, M. Mowlem, R. D. Prien and V. Garcon (2009). In situ nutrient sensors for ocean observing systems. Ocean Obs'09, Venice, 21.-25. September 2009. PDF

Prien, R., D. Meyer and B. Sadkowiak (2009). Optical measurements of nitrate and H2S concentrations in Baltic waters. Oceans'09 IEEE, Bremen, 11.-14. Mai 2009. doi:10.1109/OCEANSE.2009.5278340

Volkman, J., S. Bainbridge, A. Dickson, C. Read, D. Gilbert, F. Chavez, H. Biswas, K. Fennel, K. Kryc, P. Taylor, R. D. Prien, R. Marinelli, S. Kröger and T. Siano (2009). Report of the Ocean Acidification and Oxygen Working Group. Proceedings of the SCOR Biological Observatories Workshop, Venice, September 2009. PDF



German, C. R., S. A. Bennett, D. P. Connelly, A. J. Evans, B. J. Murton, L. M. Parson, R. D. Prien, E. Ramirez-Llodra, M. Jakuba, T. M. Shank, D. R. Yoerger, E. T. Baker, S. L. Walker and K. Nakamura (2008). Hydrothermal activity on the southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge: Tectonically- and volcanically-controlled venting at 4-5°S. Earth planet. sci. lett. 273: 332-344. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.06.048

Sosna, M., G. Denuault, R. W. Pascal, R. D. Prien and M. Mowlem (2008). Field assessment of a new membrane-free microelectrode dissolved oxygen sensor for water column profiling. Limnol. oceanogr. : methods 6: 180–189. doi:10.4319/lom.2008.6.180



 Prien, R. D. (2007). The future of chemical in situ sensors. Mar. chem. 107: 422-432. doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2007.01.014

Sosna, M., G. Denuault, R. W. Pascal, R. D. Prien and M. Mowlem (2007). Development of a reliable microelectrode dissolved oxygen sensor. Sens. and actuators B 123: 344-351. doi:10.1016/j.snb.2006.08.033



German, C. R., E. T. Baker, D. P. Connelly, J. E. Lupton, J. Resing, R. D. Prien, S. L. Walker, H. N. Edmonds and C. H. Langmuir (2006). Hydrothermal exploration of the Fonualei rift and spreading center and the northeast Lau spreading centre. Geochem., geophys., geosyst. 7(11): Q11022, doi:10.1029/2006GC001324



Waniek, J.J., D.E. Schulz-Bull, T. Blanz, R.D. Prien, A. Oschlies, T. Müller (2005), Interannual variability of deep water particle flux in relation to production and lateral sources in the northeast Atlantic, Deep Sea Research I, 52 (1), 33-50.



Prien, R.D. (2001), Electrical Properties of Sea Water, in Steele, J., S. Thorpe and K. Turekian (eds.), Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, Academic Press. doi:10.1006/rwos.2001.0328



Waniek, J., W. Koeve and R.D. Prien (2000), Trajectories of sinking particles and the catchment areas above sediment traps in the Northeast Atlantic, Journal of Marine Research, 58, p. 983-1006. doi:10.1357/002224000763485773



Prien, R.D. (1999), Entwicklung und Aufbau eines lichtoptischen Kurzstrecken-Attenuationsmeßgerätes mit einer in situ Kalibriermöglichkeit durch Veränderung der Meßstreckenlänge, Dissertation , Universität Kiel, Shaker Verlag, Aachen, Germany, 114. ISBN: 978-3-8265-4722-5



Seidov, D., M. Sarnthein, K. Stattegger, R. Prien and M. Weinelt (1996), North Atlantic ocean circulation during the last glacial maximum and subsequent meltwater event: A numerical model, Journal of Geophysical Research, 101, C7, 16,305-16,322. doi:10.1029/96JC01079

Seidov, D. and R. Prien (1996), A coarse resolution North Atlantic ocean circulation model: An intercomparison study with a paleoceanographic example, Annales Geophysicae, 14, 246-257. doi:10.1007/s00585-996-0246-9